1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题)试题及答案汇编(珍藏版)


    1
    1388 国开电科理工英语 4历年期末考试(第三题阅读选择题)
    试题答案汇编(珍藏版)
    2021 年 7 月试题答案
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    My hero is a person who has given me so many thingswho has taught me about everythingand who has
    shown me how beautiful life isAnd gradually as I get older and I grow upmy hero has opened my eyes to the
    fact that life is not always beautiful and happy like a fairy talebut life is much more than thatMy hero has
    explained to me that life can be very hardEveryone must struggle hard to make all their dreams come true and
    to be a successful person
    Maybebecause my her olives so close to meI haven't realized that this person has inspired me so
    muchMy only true heroism y motherShe was born in Jakartaon the 1st of JulyMy mother is the youngest
    child in her familyShe has two sisterswho always love and take care of herMaybebecause of thatshe
    becomes a cheerfulkindfriendlyand love able personShe wants everybody to feel comfortable when they
    are around her
    My mother likes to study and to read everythingfrom books to newspapersEveryone really likes to talk
    and chat with herso she has many friendsMy mother believes all you need is to be a hardworking person who
    always wants to study hardso that you can be a successful personShe says that many people around her have
    succeeded because they have studied and worked hard
    附:
    第 1 段
    英雄东西教会切展示生活美着逐渐
    长英雄睁开眼睛清事实生活总童话般美幸福生活远止
    英雄解释生活艰难必须努力奋斗实现梦想成成功士
    许橄榄离太没意识启发唯真正英雄
    义母亲 7 月 1 日出生雅加达母亲孩子家庭中两姐妹总
    爱护许正成开朗善良友爱心希身
    边时感舒适
    妈妈喜欢学什喜欢书报纸非常喜欢聊天朋友
    妈妈相信需做努力学努力样成成功说身边成
    功努力学努力
    21If a person wants to succeed in his lifehe________
    Ashould listen to a fairy tale everyday
    Bmust dream a good dream everyday
    Chas to work hard all his life
    [答案]C
    附:
    21果想生活中取成功________
    A应该天听童话事
    B必须天做梦
    C生努力工作
    [答案]C
    22The underlined wordinspiredin Paragraph 2may have the same meaning as________
    Aencouraged
    Bshowed
    Ccared
    [答案]A2
    附:
    22第 2 段中划线受启发________具相含义
    A鼓励
    B显示
    C关心
    [答案]A
    23The writer's mother becomes a love able person because
    Ashe is the youngest in the family
    Bher two sisters love her very much
    Cshe feels comfortable in her family
    [答案]B
    附:
    23作家母亲成爱心
    A家里
    B两姐姐爱
    C家庭中感舒适
    [答案]B
    24From the third passageWe can infer(推测) that the writer________
    Ais a friendly person like his mother
    Bhas many friends to talk with
    Cknows the meaning of success
    [答案]C
    附:
    24第三段推断(推测)作者________
    A妈妈样友善
    B朋友聊天
    C知道成功意义
    [答案]C
    25Which of the following is the best title for the reading
    AStudy well
    BWhat a beautiful life
    CMy mothermy hero
    [答案]C
    附:
    25阅读佳标题?
    A学
    B美生活啊
    C妈妈英雄
    [答案]C
    2021 年 1 月试题答案
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    My hero is a person who has given me so many thingswho has taught me about everythingand who has
    shown me how beautiful life isAnd gradually as I get older and I grow upmy hero has opened my eyes to the
    fact that life is not always beautiful and happy like a fairy talebut life is much more than thatMy hero has
    explained to me that life can be very hardEveryone must struggle hard to make all their dreams come true and
    to be a successful person
    Maybebecause my her olives so close to meI haven’t realized that this person has inspired me so3
    muchMy only true heroism y motherShe was born in Jakartaon the 1st of JulyMy mother is the youngest
    child in her familyShe has two sisterswho always love and take care of herMaybebecause of thatshe
    becomes a cheerfulkindfriendlyand love able personShe wants everybody to feel comfortable when they
    are around her
    My mother likes to study and to read everythingfrom books to newspapersEveryone really likes to talk
    and chat with herso she has many friendsMy mother believes all you need is to be a hardworking person who
    always wants to study hardso that you can be a successful personShe says that many people around her have
    succeeded because they have studied and worked hard
    附:
    第 1 段
    英雄东西教会切展示生活美着逐渐
    长英雄睁开眼睛清事实生活总童话般美幸福生活远止
    英雄解释生活艰难必须努力奋斗实现梦想成成功士
    许橄榄离太没意识启发唯真正英雄
    义母亲 7 月 1 日出生雅加达母亲孩子家庭中两姐妹总
    爱护许正成开朗善良友爱心希身
    边时感舒适
    妈妈喜欢学什喜欢书报纸非常喜欢聊天朋友
    妈妈相信需做努力学努力样成成功说身边成
    功努力学努力
    21If a person wants to succeed in his lifehe_________
    Ashould listen to a fairy tale everyday
    Bmust dream a good dream everyday
    Chas to work hard all his life
    [答案]C
    附:
    21果想生活中取成功_________
    A应该天听童话事
    B必须天做梦
    C生努力工作
    [答案]C
    22The underlined wordinspired(Paragraph 2) may have the same meaning as_________
    Aencouraged
    Bshowed
    Ccared
    [答案]A
    附:
    22划线灵感(第 2 段)_________具相含义
    A鼓励
    B显示
    C关心
    [答案]A
    23The writer’s mother becomes a love able person because_________
    Ashe is the youngest in the family
    Bher two sisters love her very much
    Cshe feels comfortable in her family
    [答案]B
    附:
    23作家母亲成爱心_________4
    A家里
    B两姐姐爱
    C家庭中感舒适
    [答案]B
    24From the third paragraphWe can infer(推测) the writer_________
    Ais a friendly person like his mother
    Bhas many friends to talk with
    Cknows the meaning of success
    [答案]C
    附:
    24第三段推断(推测)作者_________
    A妈妈样友善
    B朋友聊天
    C知道成功意义
    [答案]C
    25Which of the following is the best title for the reading
    AHow to Study Well
    BWhat a Beautiful Life
    CMy MotherMy Hero
    [答案]C
    附:
    25阅读佳标题?
    A学?
    B美生活
    C母亲英雄
    [答案]C
    2020 年 9 月试题答案
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    According to experts the advantage of modified food is that it helps in preventing the occurrence of
    allergies and also has along shelf lifeHowevera major portion of the population is against the consumption of
    genetically modified food and is concerned about its disadvantagesIf you are also confused about the
    consumption of genetically modified foodread through the pros and cons given below and decide for yourself
    Advantages of Genetically Modified Foods
    ·One of the most prominent advantages of genetically modified food is that it helps in controlling the
    occurrence of certain diseasesCertain foods cause allergy to peopleTheir genetic modification alters the DNA
    system of these foodsthereby making them nonallergic
    ·Another major advantage of such type of foods is that they grow faster than their traditionally grown
    counterpartsAs a resultthere is greater productivity and more food
    ·A person need not bother about any additional costssuch as buying chemicals and pesticideswhen it
    comes to genetically engineered foodThe food is naturally pestresistant
    ·Farming these foods can be a great way to fight world hungerSince these crops grow faster or more
    effectivelyincreased production would help countries wherein crops may not normally prosper because of less
    than desirable environmental conditions
    ·The increased shelf life of these food products helps in reducing the quantity of rotten food
    Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Foods
    ·The biggest disadvantage of genetically modified food is that they have harmful effects on the human
    bodyThe consumption of these genetically engineered foods can lead to development of diseases that are
    immune to antibiotics5
    ·Chances of developing cancer are high in people who regularly consume engineered food
    ·Since it is an unnatural way of producing foodsthere is an increased health hazard such as allergens
    transfer of antibiotic resistance markers and unknown effects
    ·Since the production of engineered food involves infusing animal genes in the crops and tampering with
    natureit might not be good for consumption in the long run
    附:
    第 1 段
    专家介绍转基食品优点助预防敏发生具较长保质期
    部分反食转基食品担心缺点果您转基食品食感困惑请阅读面出
    利弊行决定
    转基食品优势
    ·转基食品突出优点助控制某疾病发生某食物会引起敏基
    改造改变食物 DNA 系统敏
    ·类食物优点传统种植类食物生长更快生产力更高食物更

    ·基工程食品需担心额外费例购买化学品杀虫剂食品天然抗虫
    ·种植食物抗世界饥饿方法作物生长更快更效增加产量助
    环境条件佳导致作物通常法繁荣国家
    ·延长食品保质期助减少腐烂食品数量
    转基食品缺点
    ·转基食品缺点体害食转基食品会导致抗生素免疫疾病发展
    ·常食工程食品患癌症率高
    ·种非然食品生产方式会增加敏原抗生素耐药性标志物转移未知影响
    等健康危害
    ·工程食品生产涉动物基注入农作物篡改然长远利食
    21How does genetically modified food control the occurrence of certain diseases
    ABy crosspollinating
    BBy conventional crossbreeding
    CBy altering the DNA system of these foods
    [答案]C
    附:
    21转基食品控制某疾病发生?
    A通异花授粉
    B通常规杂交
    C通改变食物 DNA 系统
    [答案]C
    22Do farmers need to buy any chemicals and pesticides if they plant genetically modified food
    AYesthey need toBecause the food is not resist to pests
    BNothey don't need toBecause the food is naturally pestresistant
    CNothey don't need toBecause the chemicals and pesticides are provided by the government
    [答案]B
    附:
    22种植转基食品农民否需购买化学品农药?
    A需食物害虫没抵抗力
    B需食物天然抗虫
    C需化学品杀虫剂政府提供
    [答案]B
    23Which statement is not the advantage of genetically modified food
    AIt may have harmful effects on human body6
    BGenetically modified food grows faster than their traditionally grown counterparts
    CFarming genetically modified food can help fight world hunger
    [答案]A
    附:
    23项陈述转基食品优势?
    A体良影响
    B转基食品生长速度传统种植食品快
    C种植转基食品助抗世界饥饿
    [答案]A
    24What would happen to a person if he regularly consume genetically modified food
    AHe would get cold
    BHe would lose some weight
    CHe would have cancer
    [答案]C
    附:
    24果常食转基食品会样?
    A会感
    B会减轻体重
    C会癌症
    [答案]C
    25Which of the following would be the best title for this passage
    ACan Genetically Modified Foods Combat World Hunger
    BGenetically Modified Mood:Our Answer Is No
    CGenetically Modified Foods:Pros And Cons
    [答案]C
    附:
    25项段文佳标题?
    A转基食品抗世界饥饿?
    B转基心情:答案
    C转基食品:利弊
    [答案]C
    2020 年 7 月试题答案
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    Roby Mini is just 40 centimeters tallhas a large round screen for ahead and has been designed to help
    senior citizens living alone
    Manufactured by robotics company Shanghai PT Info the brightly colored robot which costs 5
    000yuan(790) was launched on Aug 14 to help entertain and monitor elderly people
    In Shanghai last yearthe number of registered residents at least 60 years old was 4millionThat was nearly
    30 percent of the populationBy 2018the figure is projected to rise to 5 millionWith many living alonerobots
    such as Roby Mini can help playa crucial role in caring for the elderlyIt will change the way people interact
    with digital productsHong says
    Founded in MayShanghai PT Info had already done the groundworkIn factthe research team spent three
    years developing the speech recognition system before the firm was officially launched
    With 360degree wheels hidden under its bodyRoby Mini can follow a person through face recognition
    and strike up a conversationtell jokes or provide information
    The robot also works as a computer terminalsupplying weather informationordering groceries online
    and even booking taxisRoby Mini can be connected to other gadgets as wellsuch as smart wristbands or7
    magnetic devices on doors
    Roby Mini can also connect an elderly owner to a doctor through its highdefinition screenAlready
    Shanghai PT Info is talking to three community hospitals in Shanghai's Min hang districtSince the robot is
    linked to the Internetit can support longdistance audio and video calls
    Mass production started this month and Shanghai PT Info plans to manufacture 200000units this year
    But the future is not easy for Shanghai PT InfoEarlier this year Flying wings Intelligent Robot
    Technology(Shanghai) introduced a machine with sensors that will ring an alarm when an elderly person falls
    downTianjin Shangjiu Sheng yuan Technology Group also developed a robot for seniors in 2014Owners can
    turn on the lights and airconditioning units by pressing buttons on the machineIt can also remind elderly
    owners to take pillsand inform them of hospital checkups and family birthdays
    附:
    第 1 段
    Roby Mini 身高 40 厘米前方圆形屏幕旨帮助独居老年
    机器公司海 PT Info 制造色彩鲜艳机器售价 5000 元(790 美元) 8 月 14 日推出
    帮助娱乐监控老年
    年海60 岁户籍口 400 万占总口 30 2018 年数字预计
    升 500 万独居机器 Roby Mini 帮助顾老年方面发挥关重作
    改变数字产品互动方式洪说
    成立 5 月海 PT 信息已做基础工作实际公司正式成立前研究团队花三
    年时间开发语音识系统
    Roby Mini 身隐藏着 360 度轮子通脸识进行话讲笑话提供信

    该机器作计算机终端提供天气信息线订购杂货甚预订出租车Roby Mini
    连接工具例智腕带门磁性设备
    Roby Mini 通高清屏幕老医生联系起海 PT Info 已海闵行区三社
    区医院进行通话机器互联网相连支持远程音频视频通话
    月开始量产海 PT Info 计划年生产 20 万台
    海 PT Info 未容易年早时候飞翼智机器技术(海)推出款带传感器
    机器老跌倒时会发出警报天津久盛源科技集团开发款机器 2014 年老年业
    通机器钮开灯空调提醒老年业吃药通知医院检查家庭生日
    21Roby Mini is the name of_________
    Aa robotics company
    Ba robot
    Ca senior citizen living alone
    [答案]B
    附:
    21Roby Mini _________名字
    A机器公司
    B机器
    C独居老
    [答案]B
    22Roby Mini is designed to_________
    Ahelp look after children living alone in senior high school
    Bhelp entertain and monitor senior citizens
    Cchange the way people interact with digital products
    [答案]B
    附:
    22Roby Mini 设计目_________
    A帮助顾高中独居童
    B帮助娱乐监控老年8
    C改变数字产品交互方式
    [答案]B
    23According to this passagethe number of registered residents at least 60 years old will be_________
    A4 million next year
    B30 percent of the population
    Cincrease to 5 million by 2018
    [答案]C
    附:
    23根段话年满 60 岁登记居民数_________
    A明年 40 万
    B30口
    C 2018 年增加 500 万
    [答案]C
    24The writer thinksthe future is not easy for Shanghai PT Infobecause_________
    Athere are too many elder people in Shanghai
    BRoby Mini can not ring an alarm when an elderly person falls down
    Cthe company will face tough competition in the marketplace
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者认海电讯未容易_________
    A海老太
    BRoby Mini 老跌倒时法响铃
    C公司面激烈市场竞争
    [答案]C
    25The best title for this passage would be_________
    AHow to Use a Robot
    BElder People Increase in Shanghai
    CRobot Gives Help to Older People
    [答案]C
    附:
    25段话标题_________
    A机器
    B海老年口增加
    C机器帮助老年
    [答案]C
    2020 年 1 月试题答案
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    When computer servers operate a complex programthey can get very hotCooling the servers can be
    costlySo researchers asked what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used
    Data centers of large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft have thousands of computer
    serversAs these servers process informationthey create large amounts of heatso they need huge cooling
    systemsThese systems send the heat into the air
    The Dutch company Nerdalize thinks paying for electrieity to operate the servers and then paying again to
    cool them is a waste of energySo it developed a device called the eRadiatorIt is a computer server that also
    works as a heating sourceBoaz Leupe is the chief executive officer of NerdalizeHe says the eRadiator saves
    money because companies don't have to pay to cool their servers
    The kilowatt(千瓦) hour you are using is used twiceonce to heat the home and once to compute the
    client's task without the cooling overheadHe says five homeowners in the Netherlands are testing the heating9
    device in their homesWe reimburse the electricity the server usesand that we can do because of the computer
    clients on the other sideandin that wayhomeowners actually get heating for freeand computer users don't
    have to pay for the overhead of the data center
    Jan Visser is one of the participants in the yearlong experimentHe says the amount of heat produced by
    the eRadiator into room depends on the work being done by the computer serverHe says it can not be used as
    the primary source of heatBut he is ready to try it
    He says if it provides enough warmthhe will be able to use his home's heating system lesswhich will
    save him moneyNerdalize says eRadiators create heat temperatures of up to 55℃It says the devices could
    save users up to440in heating costs a year
    附:
    第 1 段
    计算机服务器运行复杂程序时会变非常热冷服务器会昂贵研究
    员问果服务器产生热量捕获会发生什?
    谷歌微软等型互联网公司数中心拥数千台计算机服务器服务器处理信息时会产
    生量热量需庞冷系统系统热量散发空气中
    荷兰公司 Nerdalize 认支付电费运行服务器然支付费冷浪费源
    开发种名 eRadiator 设备种计算机服务器作热源Boaz Leupe Nerdalize
    首席执行官说 eRadiator 节省资金公司必花钱冷服务器
    您千瓦(千瓦)时两次房屋供暖次计算客户务需冷开销说
    荷兰五位房正家中测试加热设备报销服务器电费样做
    边计算机客户端样房实际免费获暖气计算机户必支付数开销中央
    Jan Visser 期年实验参者说 eRadiator 产生热量进入房间取决计算机服务
    器做工作说作源热量准备尝试
    说果提供足够温暖够减少家供暖系统节省钱Nerdalize 说
    电子散热器产生高达 55℃热量说设备户节省高达 440 美元取暖费年
    21Why did researchers ask what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used
    ABecause computers can get very hot
    BComputer servers is a complex program
    CCooling computer servers costs a lot of money
    [答案]C
    附:
    21什研究员会问果服务器产生热量捕获会发生什?
    A电脑会变热
    B计算机服务器复杂程序
    C冷计算机服务器花钱
    [答案]C
    22The computer servers in large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft can_________
    Acreate large amounts of information
    Bcreate large quantity of heat
    Cmanage the huge cooling systems
    [答案]B
    附:
    22谷歌微软等型互联网公司计算机服务器_________
    A创造量信息
    B产生量热量
    C理庞冷系统
    [答案]B
    23Nerdalize developed the eRadiator because_________
    AeRadiator cost less energy
    BeRadiator can cool the servers for free10
    CeRadiator can create cold air for free
    [答案]B
    附:
    23Nerdalize 开发电子散热器_________
    A电子散热器消耗更少源
    B电子散热器免费服务器降温
    C电子散热器免费制造冷空气
    [答案]B
    24According to Jan Visserthe amount of heat produced by the eRadiator_________
    Adepends on the work being processed by PC
    Bcan not be used as the home's heating system
    Ccan not be used as the main source of heat
    [答案]C
    附:
    24根 Jan VissereRadiator 产生热量_________
    A取决 PC 正处理工作
    B作家庭供暖系统
    C作热源
    [答案]C
    25The best title for this passage wonld be_________
    AThe New Way to Heat Homes
    BThe New Way to Cool Homes
    CHot Computers Could Be Used for Free
    [答案]A
    附:
    25段话标题_________
    A家庭供暖新方法
    B房屋降温新方法
    C热机免费
    [答案]A
    2019 年 7 月试题答案
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    Roby Mini is just 40 centimeters tallhas a large round screen for ahead and has been designed to help
    senior citizens living alone
    Manufactured by robotics company Shanghai PT Info the brightly colored robot which costs 5
    000yuan(790) was launched on Aug 14 to help entertain and monitor elderly people
    In Shanghai last yearthe number of registered residents at least 60 years old was 4millionThat was nearly
    30 percent of the populationBy 2018the figure is projected to rise to 5 million
    With many living alonerobots such as Roby Mini can help play a crucial role in caring for the elderlyIt
    will change the way people interact with digital productsHong says
    Founded in MayShanghai PT Info had already done the groundworkIn factthe research team spent three
    years developing the speech recognition system before the firm was officially launched
    With 360degree wheels hidden under its bodyRoby Mini can follow a person through face recognition
    and strike up a conversationtell jokes or provide information
    The robot also works as a computer terminalsupplying weather informationordering groceries online
    and even booking taxisRoby Mini can be connected to other gadgets as wellsuch as smart wristbands or
    magnetic devices on doors11
    Roby Mini can also connect an elderly owner to a doctor through its highdefinition screenAlready
    Shanghai PT Info is talking to three community hospitals in Shanghai's Min hang districtSince the robot is
    linked to the Internetit can support longdistance audio and video calls
    Mass production started this month and Shanghai PT Info plans to manufacture 200000units this year
    But the future is not easy for Shanghai PT InfoEarlier this year Flying wings Intelligent Robot
    Technology(Shanghai) introduced a machine with sensors that will ring an alarm when an elderly person falls
    downTianjin ShangjiuShengyuan Technology Group also developed a robot for seniors in 2014Owners can
    turn on the lights and airconditioning units by pressing buttons on the machineIt can also remind elderly
    owners to take pillsand inform them of hospital checkups and family birthdays
    附:
    第 1 段
    Roby Mini 身高 40 厘米前方圆形屏幕旨帮助独居老年
    机器公司海 PT Info 制造色彩鲜艳机器售价 5000 元(790 美元) 8 月 14 日推出
    帮助娱乐监控老年
    年海 60 岁户籍口 400 万占总口 30预计 2018 年数字升
    500 万
    许独居Roby Mini 等机器帮助顾老方面发挥关重作改变
    数字产品互动方式洪说
    成立 5 月海 PT 信息已做基础工作实际公司正式成立前研究团队花三
    年时间开发语音识系统
    Roby Mini 身隐藏着 360 度轮子通脸识进行话讲笑话提供信

    该机器作计算机终端提供天气信息线订购杂货甚预订出租车Roby Mini
    连接工具例智腕带门磁性设备
    Roby Mini 通高清屏幕老医生联系起海 PT Info 已海闵行区三社
    区医院进行通话机器互联网相连支持远程音频视频通话
    月开始量产海 PT Info 计划年生产 20 万台
    海 PT Info 未容易年早时候飞翼智机器科技(海)推出款带传感器
    机器老跌倒时会发出警报天津久盛源科技集团开发款老机器 2014 年车
    通机器钮开灯空调提醒老年业吃药通知医院检查家生日
    21Roby Mini is the name of_________
    Aa robotics company
    Ba robot
    Ca senior citizen living alone
    [答案]B
    附:
    21Roby Mini _________名字
    A机器公司
    B机器
    C独居老
    [答案]B
    22Roby Mini is designed to_________
    Ahelp look after children living alone in senior high school
    Bhelp entertain and monitor senior citizens
    Cchange the way people interact with digital products
    [答案]B
    附:
    22Roby Mini 设计目_________
    A帮助顾高中独居童12
    B帮助娱乐监控老年
    C改变数字产品交互方式
    [答案]B
    23According to this passagethe number of registered residents at least 60 years old will be_________
    A4 million next year
    B30 percent of the population
    Cincrease to 5 million by 2018
    [答案]C
    附:
    23根段话年满 60 岁登记居民数_________
    明年 40 万
    B30口
    C 2018 年增加 500 万
    [答案]C
    24The writer thinksthe future is not easy for Shanghai PT Infobecause_________
    Athere are too many elder people in Shanghai
    Bthe company will face tough competition in the marketplace
    CRoby Mini can not ring an alarm when an elderly person falls down
    [答案]B
    附:
    24作者认海电讯未容易_________
    A海老太
    B公司面激烈市场竞争
    CRoby Mini 老跌倒时法响铃
    [答案]B
    25The best title for this passage would be_________
    AHow to Use a Robot
    BElder People Increase in Shanghai
    CRobot Gives Help to Older People
    [答案]C
    附:
    25段话标题_________
    A机器
    B海老年口增加
    CRobot 帮助老年
    [答案]C
    2019 年 1 月试题答案
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    When computer servers operate a complex programthey can get very hotCooling the servers can be
    costlySo researchers asked what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used
    Data centers of large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft have thousands of computer
    serversAs these servers process informationthey create large amounts of heatso they need huge cooling
    systemsThese systems send the heat into the air
    The Dutch company Nerdalize thinks paying for electrieity to operate the servers and then paying again to
    cool them is a waste of energySo it developed a device called the eRadiatorIt is a computer server that also
    works as a heating sourceBoaz Leupe is the chief executive officer of NerdalizeHe says the eRadiator saves
    money because companies don't have to pay to cool their servers
    The kilowatt(千瓦) hour you are using is used twiceonce to heat the home and once to compute the13
    client's task without the cooling overheadHe says five homeowners in the Netherlands are testing the heating
    device in their homesWe reimburse the electricity the server usesand that we can do because of the computer
    clients on the other sideandin that wayhomeowners actually get heating for freeand computer users don't
    have to pay for the overhead of the data center
    Jan Visser is one of the participants in the yearlong experimentHe says the amount of heat produced by
    the eRadiator into room depends on the work being done by the computer serverHe says it can not be used as
    the primary source of heatBut he is ready to try it
    He says if it provides enough warmthhe will be able to use his home's heating system lesswhich will
    save him moneyNerdalize says eRadiators create heat temperatures of up to 55℃It says the devices could
    save users up to440in heating costs a year
    附:
    第 1 段
    计算机服务器运行复杂程序时会变非常热冷服务器会昂贵研究
    员问果服务器产生热量捕获会发生什?
    谷歌微软等型互联网公司数中心拥数千台计算机服务器服务器处理信息时会产
    生量热量需庞冷系统系统热量散发空气中
    荷兰公司 Nerdalize 认支付电费运行服务器然支付费冷浪费源
    开发种名电子散热器设备种计算机服务器作热源波阿斯·勒佩 Nerdalize
    首席执行官说电子散热器节省资金公司必花钱冷服务器
    您千瓦(千瓦)时两次房屋供暖次计算客户务需冷开销说
    荷兰五位房正家中测试加热设备报销服务器电费样做
    边计算机客户端样房实际免费获暖气计算机户必支付数开销中央
    扬·维瑟期年实验参者说电子散热器产生热量进入房间取决计算机服务器
    做工作说作源热量准备尝试
    说果提供足够温暖够减少家供暖系统节省钱Nerdalize 说
    电子散热器产生高达 55℃热量说设备户节省高达 440 美元取暖费年
    21Why did researchers ask what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used
    ABecause computers can get very hot
    BComputer servers is a complex program
    CCooling computer servers costs a lot of money
    [答案]C
    附:
    21什研究员会问果服务器产生热量捕获会发生什?
    A电脑会变热
    B计算机服务器复杂程序
    C冷计算机服务器花钱
    [答案]C
    22The computer servers in large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft can_______
    Acreate large amounts of information
    Bcreate large quantity of heat
    Cmanage the huge cooling systems
    [答案]B
    附:
    22谷歌微软等型互联网公司计算机服务器_______
    A创造量信息
    B产生量热量
    C理庞冷系统
    [答案]B
    23Nerdalize developed the eRadiator because_______
    AeRadiator cost less energy14
    BeRadiator can cool the servers for free
    CeRadiator can create cold air for free
    [答案]B
    附:
    23Nerdalize 开发电子散热器_______
    A电子散热器消耗更少源
    B电子散热器免费服务器降温
    C电子散热器免费制造冷空气
    [答案]B
    24According to Jan Visserthe amount of heat produced by the eRadiator_______
    Adepends on the work being processed by PC
    Bcan not be used as the home's heating system
    Ccan not be used as the main source of heat
    [答案]C
    附:
    24根扬·维瑟电子散热器产生热量_______
    A取决 PC 正处理工作
    B作家庭供暖系统
    C作热源
    [答案]C
    25The best title for this passage wonld be_______
    AThe New Way to Heat Homes
    BThe New Way to Cool Homes
    CHot Computers Could Be Used for Free
    [答案]A
    附:
    25段话标题____
    A家庭供暖新方法
    B房屋降温新方法
    C热机免费
    [答案]A
    2018 年 7 月试题答案
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    According to experts the advantage of modified food is that it helps in preventing the occurrence of
    allergies and also has along shelf lifeHowevera major portion of the population is against the consumption of
    genetically modified food and is concerned about its disadvantagesIf you are also confused about the
    consumption of genetically modified foodread through the pros and cons given below and decide for yourself
    Advantages of Genetically Modified Foods
    ●One of the most prominent advantages of genetically modified food is that it helps in controlling the
    occurrence of certain diseasesCertain foods cause allergy to peopleTheir genetic modification alters the DNA
    system of these foodsthereby making them nonallergic
    ●Another major advantage of such type of foods is that they grow faster than their traditionally grown
    counterpartsAs a resultthere is greater productivity and more food
    ●A person need not bother about any additional costssuch as buying chemicals and pesticideswhen it
    comes to genetically engineered foodThe food is naturally pestresistant
    ●Farming these foods can be a great way to fight world hungerSince these crops grow faster or more
    effectivelyincreased production would help countries wherein crops may not normally prosper because of less
    than desirable environmental conditions15
    ●The increased shelf life of these food products helps in reducing the quantity of rotten food
    Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Foods
    ●The biggest disadvantage of genetically modified food is that they have harmful effects on the human
    bodyThe consumption of these genetically engineered foods can lead to development of diseases that are
    immune to antibiotics
    ●Chances of developing cancer are high in people who regularly consume engineered food
    ●Since it is an unnatural way of producing foodsthere is an increased health hazard such as allergens
    transfer of antibiotic resistance markers and unknown effects
    ●Since the production of engineered food involves infusing animal genes in the crops and tampering with
    natureit might not be good for consumption in the long run
    附:
    第 1 段
    专家介绍转基食品优点助预防敏发生具较长保质期
    部分反食转基食品担心缺点果您转基食品食感困惑请阅读面出
    利弊行决定
    转基食品优势
    ●转基食品突出优点助控制某疾病发生某食物会引起敏
    基改造改变食物 DNA 系统敏
    ●类食物优点传统种植类食物生长更快生产力更高食物

    ●基工程食品需担心额外费例购买化学品杀虫剂食品天然抗虫
    ●种植食物抗世界饥饿方法作物生长更快更效增加产量助
    环境条件佳导致作物通常法繁荣国家
    ●食品延长保质期助减少腐烂食品数量
    转基食品缺点
    ●转基食品缺点体害食转基食品会导致抗生素免疫疾病发展
    ●常食工程食品患癌症率高
    ●种非然食品生产方式会增加敏原抗生素耐药性标志物转移未知影
    响等健康危害
    ●工程食品生产涉动物基注入农作物篡改然长远利食
    21How does genetically modified food control the occurrence of certain diseases
    ABy crosspollinating
    BBy conventional crossbreeding
    CBy altering the DNA system of these foods
    [答案]C
    附:
    21转基食品控制某疾病发生?
    A通异花授粉
    B通常规杂交
    C通改变食物 DNA 系统
    [答案]C
    22Do farmers need to buy any chemicals and pesticides if they plant genetically modified food
    AYesthey need toBecause the food is not resist to pests
    BNothey don't need toBecause the food is naturally pestresistant
    CNothey don't need toBecause the chemicals and pesticides are provided by the government
    [答案]B
    附:
    22种植转基食品农民否需购买化学品农药?
    A需食物害虫没抵抗力16
    B需食物天然抗虫
    C需化学品杀虫剂政府提供
    [答案]B
    23Which statement is not the advantage of genetically modified food
    AIt may have harmful effects on human body
    BGenetically modified food grows faster than their traditionally grown counterparts
    CFarming genetically modified food can help fight world hunger
    [答案]A
    附:
    23项陈述转基食品优势?
    A体良影响
    B转基食品生长速度传统种植食品快
    C种植转基食品助抗世界饥饿
    [答案]A
    24What would happen to a person if he regularly consume genetically modified food
    AHe would get cold
    BHe would lose some weight
    CHe would have cancer
    [答案]C
    附:
    24果常食转基食品会样?
    A会感
    B会减轻体重
    C会癌症
    [答案]C
    25Which title is the best for this passage
    ACan genetically modified foods combat world hunger
    BGenetically modified mood:our answer is no
    CGenetically modified foods:pros and cons
    [答案]C
    附:
    25 标题适合篇文章?
    A转基食品抗世界饥饿?
    B转基心情:答案否定
    C转基食品:利弊
    [答案]C
    2018 年 1 月试题答案
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题: AE 选项中选出合适句子填入面话答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    AMaybe they were polluted in your hospital
    Bso I will stop all orders with your company
    CThis is the first time we've received a complaint of this nature1374
    Dthey will be returned to your factory immediately
    Eit's your job to do thatno tours
    附:
    第 1 段
    A许医院污染
    B停止贵公司订单17
    C第次收种性质投诉1374
    D立返回您工厂
    E工作参观
    Henry:Good afternoonLucyI am telling you something urgentWe have found several cases of golden
    staph infected in our patientsThey were caused by your products
    Lucy:Are you sureOur bandages are very safe 21
    Henry:I know thatBut only patients who have used your bandages are infected
    Lucy:All of our products were made with the utmost care 22 And why didn't you put the bandages into
    the sterilizer before you used them
    Henry:Lucy23 I've already asked the hospital to do areexamination of your supplies right now
    Lucy:Henryyou're making things difficult
    Henry:The safety of our patients is most important24
    Lucy:But I have already posted your recent orderThey are now on the way
    Henry:SorryLucyAs soon as they arrive25
    附:
    亨利:午露西告诉件紧急事情病身发现例金黄色葡萄球菌
    感染病例产品引起
    露西:确定?绷带安全第次收种性质投诉1374
    亨利:知道绷带病会感染
    露西:产品精心制作许医院污染什绷带前绷
    带放入消毒器中?
    亨利:露西工作参观已医院做现—检查品
    露西:亨利事情变困难
    亨利:病安全重停止贵公司订单
    露西:已订单发现正路
    亨利:起露西马送回工厂
    [答案]21C22A23E24B25D

    《香当网》用户分享的内容,不代表《香当网》观点或立场,请自行判断内容的真实性和可靠性!
    该内容是文档的文本内容,更好的格式请下载文档

    下载pdf到电脑,查找使用更方便

    pdf的实际排版效果,会与网站的显示效果略有不同!!

    需要 10 香币 [ 分享pdf获得香币 ]

    下载pdf

    相关文档

    「最新」1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题)题库

    [最新]国开电大本科《理工英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题)题库2021年1月试题及答案三、阅读理解(共计40分,每小题2分)21-25题:阅读下列短文,从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个...

    2年前   
    659    0

    1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》历年 期末考试(第一大题交际用语)题库

     [最新]国开电大本科《理工英语4》历年期末考试(第一大题交际用语)题库2021年1月试题及答案一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分)1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答...

    2年前   
    634    0

    1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》历年期末考试(第二大题词汇与结构)试题及答案汇编(排序版)

    1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》历年期末考试(第二大题词汇与结构)试题及答案汇编(排序版)说明:更新至2021年7月试题。_________,he knows a lot about com...

    2年前   
    541    0

    「最新」1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读判断题)题库

    三、阅读理解(共计40分,每小题2分)26-30题:请根据短文内容判断给出的语句是否正确,正确的写“T”,错误的写“F",并将答案写在答题纸上。Passage 2 Baidu, China's ...

    2年前   
    1848    0

    国开电大本科《人文英语3》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编

    一、交际用语(每小题2分,共10分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―Where is John?I couldn't find him. ―______...

    3年前   
    4175    0

    3894国开电大《理工英语1》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编

    一、交际用语(每小题2分,共10分)1—5题:选择正确的语句完成下列对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―I'm so excited to meet you.May I introduce m...

    3年前   
    1513    0

    1378国开电大本科《管理英语3》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编「珍藏版」

    第一题 交际用语 试题及答案―___________.―Everything is going smoothly.[答案]What do you think of everythin...

    2年前   
    1047    0

    2020年7月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―Good morning, Jeff.Would you mind going to...

    2年前   
    1457    0

    2019年7月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    2019年7月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分)1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―Good morn...

    2年前   
    1739    0

    2020年9月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―I wonder if I could use your tablet tonigh...

    2年前   
    1341    0

    2018年1月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    2018年1月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分)1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―I wonder ...

    2年前   
    1034    0

    2019年7月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―Good morning,Jeff.Would you mind going to ...

    2年前   
    389    0

    2022年7月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    2022年7月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分)1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。l.―I wonder ...

    1年前   
    631    0

    2020年1月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―Perhaps you have heard our products.Would ...

    2年前   
    379    0

    2021年7月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    2021年7月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分)1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。l.―Space tra...

    2年前   
    485    0

    2021年1月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―What would you like to have for breakfast?...

    2年前   
    2170    0

    2019年1月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―I'm leaving for Shanghai tomorrow.―_______...

    2年前   
    549    0

    2018年1月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―I wonder if I could use your tablet tonigh...

    2年前   
    396    0

    2018年7月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―Perhaps you have heard our products.Would ...

    2年前   
    531    0

    2019年1月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―I'm leaving for Shanghai tomorrow.―_______...

    2年前   
    716    0
    下载需要 10 香币 [香币充值 ]
    亲,您也可以通过 分享原创pdf 来获得香币奖励!
    该文档为用户出售和定价!

    该用户的其他文档

    相关pdf