1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题)试题及答案汇编(珍藏版)


    1
    1389 国开电科理英语 4历年期末考试(第三题阅读选择题)
    试题答案汇编(珍藏版)
    2021 年 7 月试题答案
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit'schangeDownsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amongst scholars:how can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process?And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    ●Make yourself aware that change happens:it happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    can not live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    ●Stay alert in the workplace:know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    ●Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need
    to get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to for man
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    ●Assess yourself : Changeisatimewhenone'sconfidenceaboutone'sskillsand capabilities gets shakyRecognize
    your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your developmental
    areas and work on improving those
    ●Don't be stiff:It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply your existingskills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    ●Stay optimistic : Keepapositiveattitudeanddon'tletyourselfdrowninuncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjustYou can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up
    the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays
    Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsoughtafter leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词抓住世界发生事情质变化缩减重组削减成现
    生存常态没行业幸免保守机构正历重变革改变生存
    变革理直学者争问题:雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    ●意识改变正发生:发生生活中发生职业生涯中活
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    ●工作场保持警惕:解周围发生事情遇暗示变化发生线索时承认
    ●保持开放沟通渠道:退缩期事情会利通您需熟悉正发生变化您
    理层行寻求更细节便准确解事情透明坦诚面恐惧:处理未知事物常常
    感厌恶畏惧画面清晰
    ●评估:改变技力信心动摇时候认清长处
    发挥方时注意发展领域努力改进
    ●僵硬:果僵化会改变程变更加困难足够灵活角度改变
    里应现技知识新闻技需获
    ●保持乐观:保持积极态度确定性中淹没融入新程中新
    场景中正确定位调整步骤步步会达目标罗宾夏尔马说世界受追捧2
    领导力成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Asurvive
    Bcut down on the number of workers
    Creshuffle the organization
    [答案]A
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A生存
    B减少工数量
    C改组组织
    [答案]A
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an example
    BNo industry is an exception
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]B
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A没行业例子
    B行业例外
    C行业豁免
    [答案]B
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is _________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A3
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2021 年 1 月试题答案
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit'schangeDownsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amougst scholars:how can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process?And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    ●Make yourself aware that change happens:it happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    can not live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    ●Stay alert in the workplace:know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    ●Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need
    to get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to for man
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    ●Assess yourself : Changeisatimewhenone'sconfidenceaboutone'sskillsand capabilities gets shakyRecognize
    your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your developmental
    areas and work on improving those
    ●Don't be stiff:It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply your existingskills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    ●Stay optimistic : Keepapositiveattitudeanddon'tletyourselfdrowninuncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjustYou can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up
    the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays
    Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsoughtafter leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词抓住世界发生事情质变化缩减重组削减成现
    生存常态没行业幸免保守机构正历重变革改变生存
    变革理直学者争问题:雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    ●意识改变正发生:发生生活中发生职业生涯中活
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    ●工作场保持警惕:解周围发生事情遇暗示变化发生线索时承认
    ●保持开放沟通渠道:退缩期事情会利通您需熟悉正发生变化您
    理层行寻求更细节便准确解事情透明坦诚面恐惧:处理未知事物常常
    感厌恶畏惧画面清晰
    ●评估:改变技力信心动摇时候认清长处
    发挥方时注意发展领域努力改进
    ●僵硬:果僵化会改变程变更加困难足够灵活角度改变4
    里应现技知识新闻技需获
    ●保持乐观:保持积极态度确定中沉沦融入新程中新场景
    中正确定位调整步骤步步会达目标罗宾夏尔马说世界受追捧
    领导力成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Asurvive
    Bcut down on the number of workers
    Creshuffle the organization
    [答案]A
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A生存
    B减少工数量
    C改组组织
    [答案]A
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an example
    BNo industry is an exception
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]B
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A没行业例子
    B行业例外
    C行业豁免
    [答案]B
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is _________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success5
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2020 年 9 月试题答案
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    The meaning ofcommunicationgoes a lot deeper than people often thinkCommunication is about
    conceivingsendingreceivingand interpreting messages as well as confirming reception of these messagesA
    failure at any point in this chain can result in ineffective communication
    Ineffective communication can be disastrousThere is a famous story of a British Army Commander who sent
    the messageSend reinforcementswe're going to advanceback to his Command Centerthrough along chain
    of subordinatesWhen the message finally reached the Command Centerit hadmutatedto becomeSend three
    and fourpencewe're going to a danceThe reinforcements never arrived
    You can demonstrate this same principlealbeit on a less dramatic scaleby trying to play Chinese Whispers
    with more than 20 peopleIt is highly unlikely the same message you started with will be the one you end with
    In a businessthere are three main types of communication failureEach has its own indicative signs
    ·The first type is known as allocative failureThis occurs when a firm is not gathering enough intelligence
    about its market or(most often) the information is not reaching the right pointsThe firm will not be allocating
    resources in step with the shifts in demandIf demand is rising but the firm is suffering from allocative
    communication failurethen stocks will fall and there will be under staffingIf the inverse happensthere will be
    a surplus of stocks and over staffing
    ·The second type is executive failurewhere communication to trigger specific eventsactions is either late
    lacking or in errorThe symptoms of this area general loss of direction in the company or departmentsa loss of
    coordination and an increase in complaints from customers as things happen late or not at all
    ·The final type is human failureThis occurs when the general culture of a business or the relationships between
    particular individuals or departments do not foster effective communicationThis leads to alienated staffan
    increase in staff turnoveran increase in absenteeism and general frustration among staffCreativityespecially
    that which takes place across departmental boundariesis likely to suffer hugely as team synergy slips
    附:
    第 1 段
    沟通含义通常想象深刻沟通关构思发送接收解释信息确认
    信息接收链条中点失败导致效沟通
    效沟通灾难性著名事位英国陆军指挥官发送信息派遣增援
    前进回指挥中心通属链信息终达指挥中心已变异成送三四便士
    跳舞援军迟迟没
    您通尝试 20 起玩中国耳语展示样原规模戏剧化您开始
    相信息太成您结束信息
    企业中沟通失败分三种类型种指示标志
    ·第类称分配失败发生公司没收集足够市场情报(常见)信息没达正确
    点公司会转变步分配资源果需求升公司出现分配沟通失败库存会降会
    出现员足果相反会出现库存剩员剩
    ·第二类执行失败触发特定事件行动沟通迟缺乏错误方面症状公司部门普
    遍失方失协调增加客户投诉事情发生太晚根没发生6
    ·种失败发生企业般文化特定部门间关系促进效沟通
    时会导致员工疏远员工流失率增加旷工率增加普遍挫败感创造力尤跨部门创造力
    会着团队协效应滑受巨影响
    21Confirming reception of the sent messages means
    Athe messages are sent to right receivers
    Bthe messages are correctly understood
    Cthe messages are correctly understood by right receivers
    [答案]C
    附:
    21确认收发送消息指
    A消息发送正确接收者
    B消息正确理解
    C正确接收者正确理解消息
    [答案]C
    22In the famous British Army Commander story which step probably did NOT go wrong in the
    communication chain?
    AConceiving
    BSending
    CReceiving
    [答案]A
    附:
    22著名英国陆军指挥官事中通信链中步没出错?
    A怀孕
    B发送
    C接收
    23What is Chinese whispers?
    AWho whispers in Chinese
    BA game to pass message around in a whisper
    CChinese people who don't normally talk very loudly
    [答案]B
    附:
    23什汉语耳语?
    A谁中文耳语
    B耳语传递信息游戏
    C时说话声中国
    [答案]B
    24Allocative failure does NOT happen when
    Athe right information goes to the right place
    Ba company gathers false information
    Cthe correct information is not received by the right department or person
    [答案]A
    附:
    24分配失败会发生
    A正确信息正确方
    B家公司收集虚假信息
    C正确部门员没收正确信息
    [答案]A
    25According to the passagewhich of the following cases does NOT belong to human failure?
    ADecreasing creativity across departments
    BInadequate communication between departments7
    CIncreasing customer complaints
    [答案]C
    附:
    25根文章列情况属障?
    A降低跨部门创造力
    B部门间沟通充分
    C增加客户投诉
    [答案]C
    2020 年 7 月试题答案
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit'schangeDownsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amongst scholars:how can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process?And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    ·Make yourself aware that change happens:it happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    can not live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    ·Stay alert in the workplace:know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need
    to get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to for man
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    ·Assess yourself:Changeisatimewhenone'sconfidenceaboutone'sskillsand capabilities gets shakyRecognize
    your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your developmental
    areas and work on improving those
    ·Don't be stiff:It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply yourexistingskills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    ·Stay optimistic : Keepapositiveattitudeanddon'tletyourselfdrowninuncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjust
    You can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking
    incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsoughtafter
    leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词抓住世界发生事情质变化缩减重组削减成现
    生存常态没行业幸免保守机构正历重变革改变生存
    变革理直学者争问题:雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    ·意识改变会发生:发生生活中发生职业生涯中活
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    ·工作中保持警惕:知道周围发生什遇暗示变化发生线索时承认
    保持开放沟通渠道:退缩期事情会利通需熟悉正发生变化理层
    行寻求更细节便准确解事情透明诚实关恐惧:未知交道常常感厌
    恶畏惧画面清晰8
    ·评估:改变技力信心动摇时候认清长处
    发挥里时注意发展领域努力改进
    ·僵硬:果僵化会变革程变更加困难足够灵活性角度
    变革里应现技知识新闻技需获
    ·保持乐观:保持积极态度确定中淹没参新程中新场
    景中正确定位调整
    通跳山达珠穆朗玛峰通渐进步骤达山顶步步达目标罗宾夏
    尔马说世界受追捧—领导成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Acut down on the number of workers
    Breshuffle the organization
    Csurvive
    [答案]C
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A减少工数量
    B改组组织
    C生存
    [答案]C
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an exception
    BNo industry is an example
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]A
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A行业例外
    B没行业例子
    C行业豁免
    [答案]A
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B59
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is_________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2020 年 1 月试题答案
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit'schangeDownsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amongst scholarshow can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process?And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    ·Make yourself aware that change happens:it happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    can not live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    ·Stay alert in the workplace:know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    ·Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need to
    get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to for man
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    ·Assess yourself : Changeisatimewhenone'sconfidenceaboutone'sskillsand capabilities gets shakyRecognize
    your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your developmental
    areas and work on improving those
    ·Don't be stiff:It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply yourexistingskills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    ·Stay optimistic : Keepapositiveattitudeanddon'tletyourselfdrowninuncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjust
    You can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking
    incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsought
    after leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词抓住世界发生事情质变化缩减重组削减成现
    生存常态没行业幸免保守机构正历重变革改变生存
    变革理直学者争问题雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    ·意识改变会发生:发生生活中发生职业生涯中活10
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    ·工作中保持警惕:知道周围发生什遇暗示变化发生线索时承认
    ·保持畅通沟通渠道:懈怠期事情会利通需熟悉正发生变化理
    层行寻求更细节便准确解事情透明透明坦诚面恐惧:处理未知事物常常
    感厌恶畏惧画面清晰
    ·评估:改变技力信心开始动摇时候认清长处
    方面发挥作时注意发展领域努力改进
    ·僵硬:果僵化会变革程变更加困难足够灵活性角度
    变革里应现技知识新闻技需获
    ·保持乐观:保持积极态度确定中淹没参新程中新场
    景中正确定位调整
    通跳山达珠穆朗玛峰通渐进步骤达山顶步步达目标罗宾夏
    尔马说世界受追捧领导成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Acut down on the number of workers
    Breshuffle the organization
    Csurvive
    [答案]C
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A减少工数量
    B改组组织
    C生存
    [答案]C
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an exception
    BNo industry is an example
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]A
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A行业例外
    B没行业例子
    C行业豁免
    [答案]A
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C611
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is_________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2019 年 7 月试题答案
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit's change Downsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amongst scholars:how can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process? And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    • Make yourself aware that change happensit happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    cannot live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    •Stay alert in the workplace know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    •Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need to
    get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to form an
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    •Assess yourself Change is a time when one's confidence about one's skills and capabilities gets
    shakyRecognize your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your
    developmental areas and work on improving those
    •Don't be stiff It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply yourexisting skills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    •Stay optimistic Keep a positive attitude and don't let yourself drown in uncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjust
    You can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking
    incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsoughtafter
    leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词够抓住世界正发生事情质变化裁员重组削减成
    现生存常态没行业例外保守机构生存进行重变革12
    变革理直学者争问题:雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    •意识改变会发生发生生活中发生职业生涯中活
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    •工作场保持警惕知道周围正发生什遇暗示变化正发生线索时承认
    •保持开放沟通渠道:懈怠期事情会利通您需熟悉正发生变化您理
    层行寻求更细节形成事准确理解透明透明坦诚面恐惧:处理未知事物常
    常感厌恶畏惧画面清晰
    •评估改变技力信心开始动摇时候认清长处
    发挥作方时注意发展领域努力改进领域
    •僵硬果僵化变革程变更加困难足够灵活性角度
    变革里应现技知识需获新闻技
    •保持乐观保持积极心态沉浸确定中参新程中新场景
    中正确定位调整
    通跳山达珠穆朗玛峰通渐进步骤达山顶步步达目标罗宾夏
    尔马说世界受追捧领导成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Acut down on the number of workers
    Breshuffle the organization
    Csurvive
    [答案]C
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A减少工数量
    B改组组织
    C生存
    [答案]C
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an exception
    BNo industry is an example
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]A
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A行业例外
    B没行业例子
    C行业豁免
    [答案]A
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革13
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is_________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2019 年 1 月试题答案
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit's change Downsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amongst scholars:how can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process? And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    •Make yourself aware that change happensit happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    cannot live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    •Stay alert in the workplace know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    •Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need to
    get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to form an
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    •Assess yourself Change is a time when one's confidence about one's skills and capabilities gets
    shakyRecognize your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your
    developmental areas and work on improving those
    •Don't be stiff It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply your existing skills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    •Stay optimistic Keep a positive attitude and don't let yourself drown in uncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjust
    You can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking
    incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsoughtafter14
    leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词够抓住世界正发生事情质变化裁员重组削减成
    现生存常态没行业例外保守机构生存进行重变革
    变革理直学者争问题:雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    •意识改变会发生发生生活中发生职业生涯中活
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    •工作场保持警惕知道周围正发生什遇暗示变化正发生线索时承认
    •保持开放沟通渠道:懈怠期事情会利通您需熟悉正发生变化您理
    层行寻求更细节形成事准确理解透明透明坦诚面恐惧:处理未知事物常
    常感厌恶畏惧画面清晰
    •评估改变技力信心开始动摇时候认清长处
    发挥作方时注意发展领域努力改进领域
    •僵硬果僵化变革程变更加困难足够灵活性角度
    变革里应现技知识需获新闻技
    •保持乐观保持积极心态沉浸确定中参新程中新场景
    中正确定位调整
    通跳山达珠穆朗玛峰通渐进步骤达山顶步步达目标罗宾夏
    尔马说世界受追捧领导成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Acut down on the number of workers
    Breshuffle the organization
    Csurvive
    [答案]C
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A减少工数量
    B改组组织
    C生存
    [答案]C
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an exception
    BNo industry is an example
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]A
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A行业例外
    B没行业例子
    C行业豁免
    [答案]A
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B15
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is_________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2018 年 7 月试题答案
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    In 1916a French coalmine director named Henri Fayol wrote a book entitled Administration Industrielle et
    Generale which set forth five distinct functions of managing that Fayol insisted were applicable in any
    industryIn the 1950'smanagement textbooks began to incorporate some of a Fayol's ideas into their content
    and todaymanagement courses still use many of his ideas to teach management to business students
    Planning
    Planning involves deciding where to take a company and selecting steps to get thereIt first requires managers
    to be aware of challenges facing their businessesand then it requires managers to forecast future business and
    economic conditionsThey then formulate objectives to reach by certain deadlines and decide on steps to reach
    themThey reevaluate their plans as conditions change and make adjustments as necessary
    Organizing
    Managers organize by bringing together physicalhuman and financial resources to achieve objectivesThey
    identify activities to be accomplishedclassify activitiesassign activities to groups or individualscreate
    responsibilities and delegate authorityThey then coordinate everything so operations run smoothly
    Leading
    Leading requires managers to motivate employees to achieve business objectives and goalsIt requires the use
    of authority to achieve those ends as well as the ability to communicate effectivelyEffective leaders can
    influence their personnel to view situations from their perspectivesLeading also involves supervision of
    employees and their work
    Controlling16
    Controlling involves measuring achievement against established objectives and goalsIt also requires managers
    to be able to identify sources of deviation from successful accomplishment and to provide a corrective course of
    actionManagers first establish objectives and goalsthen measure achievementsidentify anything that is
    keeping the company from achieving their objectives and goalsand provide means of correction if necessary
    Staffing
    Without human resourcesno organization can get off the groundlet alone do business and make profitsSome
    distinct features of the staffing function are:
    ●It puts the right man in the right job
    ●It is an ongoing activity as employees keep leaving and joining the companythey also retire from time to
    time leaving empty places in various positions
    ●Efficiency is a prime focus of this function as managing people is the toughest job there iseverything must be
    accounted forleavespaymentsbenefitsmedical allowancessocial security accounting and much more
    附:
    第 1 段
    1916 年法国煤矿厂长亨利·法约尔(Henri Fayol)写名Industrielle et Generale书提
    出法约尔坚持适行业五种理职1950 年代理教科书开始吸收法约尔
    思想进入容天理课程然许想法商科学生教授理
    规划
    规划包括决定家公司带里选择达里步骤首先求理者意识业务
    面挑战然求理者预测未业务济状况然制定目标定期限实现
    决定接触步骤会着情况变化重新评估计划根需进行调整
    组织
    理员通汇集物理力财力资源实现目标确定完成活动活动进行分类
    活动分配团体制定责放权力然协调切运营利进行
    领导
    领导需理者激励员工实现业务目标目标需权力实现目标效沟通
    力效领导影响员工角度情况领导包括监督员工工作
    控制
    控制涉根定目标目标衡量成求理者够识偏离成功成源提供纠
    正措施理者首先建立目标目标然衡量成识保持变东西公司实现目标目标
    必时提供纠正手段
    员配备
    没力资源组织法起步更说做生意盈利员配备功显着特点:
    ●合适做合适工作
    ●项持续活动员工断离开加入公司时常退休留岗位空位
    ●效率该功重点理员艰巨工作事情必须核算请假付款
    福利医疗津贴社会保障会计等等
    21What is the main idea of this passage?
    ATo introduce some of the author's ideas about management
    BTo introduce five distinct functions of managing proposed by Fayol
    CTo promote the book entitled Administration Industrielle et Generale
    [答案]B
    附:
    21段话思想什?
    A介绍作者理思想
    B介绍法约尔提出五种理职
    C推广名 Administration Industrielle et Generale 书
    [答案]B
    22What are the influence of Fayol's book Administration Industrielleet Generale?17
    AIt is of no influence at all for today
    BIt is nearly forgotten by the world
    CIt is still great effect on current management courses
    [答案]C
    附:
    22法约尔书 Administration Industrielle et Generale 什影响?
    A天完全没影响
    B世界遗忘
    C目前理课程影响
    [答案]C
    23Which step of managing refers to bring staff together and tell them what to do?
    ALeading
    BOrganizing
    CStaffing
    [答案]B
    附:
    23理步员工聚集起告诉做什?
    A领先
    B组织
    C员配备
    [答案]B
    24Which item in Chinese below has not mentioned as things needed to take care for people management?
    A住房公积金
    B医疗补贴
    C请假
    [答案]A
    附:
    24项中文没提事理需注意事项?
    A住房公积金
    B医疗补贴
    C请假
    [答案]A
    25In the step of________managers need to find out obstacles in the course of achieving company's objectives
    and goals
    Acontrolling
    Bleading
    Cplanning
    [答案]A
    附:
    25________步骤中理者需找出实现公司目标目标程中障碍
    A控制
    B领先
    C规划
    [答案]A
    2018 年 1 月试题答案
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    The meaning ofcommunicationgoes a lot deeper than people often thinkCommunication is about
    conceivingsendingreceivingand interpreting messages as well as confirming reception of these messagesA18
    failure at any point in this chain can result in ineffective communication
    Ineffective communication can be disastrousThere is a famous story of a British Army Commander who sent
    the messageSend reinforcementswe're going to advanceback to his Command Centerthrough along chain
    of subordinatesWhen the message finally reached the Command Centerit hadmutatedto become Send three
    and fourpencewe're going to a danceThe reinforcements never arrived
    You can demonstrate this same principlealbeit on a less dramatic scaleby trying to play Chinese Whispers
    with more than 20 peopleIt is highly unlikely the same message you started with will be the one you end with
    In a businessthere are three main types of communication failureEach has its own indicative signs
    ●The first type is a known as allocative failureThis occurs when a firm is not gathering enough
    intelligence about its market or(most often) the information is not reaching the right pointsThe firm will not
    be allocating resources in step with the shifts in demandIf demand is rising but the firm is suffering from
    allocative communication failure then stocks will fall and there will be understaffingIf the inverse
    happensthere will be a surplus of stocks and over staffing
    ●The second type is executive failurewhere communication to trigger specific eventsactions is either late
    lacking or in errorThe symptoms of this area general loss of direction in the company or departmentsa loss of
    coordination and an increase in complaints from customers as things happen late or not at all
    ●The final type is human failure This occurs when the general culture of a business or the relationships
    between particular individuals or departments do not foster effective communicationThis leads to alienated
    staffan increase in staff turnoveran increase in absenteeism and general frustration among staffCreativity
    especially that which takes place across departmental boundariesis likely to suffer hugely as team synergy
    slips
    附:
    第 1 段
    沟通含义通常想象深刻沟通关构思发送接收解释信息确认
    信息接收链条中点失败导致效沟通
    效沟通灾难性著名事位英国陆军指挥官发送信息派遣增援
    前进回指挥中心通属链信息终达指挥中心已变异成送三四便士
    跳舞援军迟迟没
    您通尝试 20 起玩中国耳语展示样原规模戏剧化您开始
    相信息太成您结束信息
    企业中沟通失败分三种类型种指示标志
    ●第种类型称分配失败发生公司没收集足够市场情报(常见情况)信息没达
    正确点公司会市场步分配资源果需求升公司出现配置沟通失败库存会
    降会出现员足果相反会出现库存剩员剩
    ●第二类执行失败触发特定事件行动沟通迟缓缺乏错误方面症状公司部门普
    遍失方失协调增加客户投诉事情发生太晚根没发生
    ●种失败企业般文化特定部门间关系促进效沟通时
    会发生种情况会导致员工疏远员工流失率增加旷工率增加普遍挫败感创造力尤跨
    部门创造力会着团队协效应滑受巨影响
    21Confirming reception of the sent messages means_________
    Athe messages are sent to right receivers
    Bthe messages are correctly understood
    Cthe messages are correctly understood by right receivers
    [答案]C
    附:
    21确认收发送消息意味着_________
    A消息发送正确接收者
    B消息正确理解
    C正确接收者正确理解消息19
    [答案]C
    22In the famous British Army Commander story which step probably did NOT go wrong in the
    communication chain?
    AConceiving
    BSending
    CReceiving
    [答案]A
    附:
    22著名英国陆军指挥官事中通信链中步没出错?
    A怀孕
    B发送
    C接收
    [答案]A
    23What is Chinese whispers?
    AWho whispers in Chinese
    BA game to pass message around in a whisper
    CChinese people who don't normally talk very loudly
    [答案]B
    附:
    23什汉语耳语?
    A谁中文耳语
    B耳语传递信息游戏
    C时说话声中国
    [答案]B
    24Allocative failure does NOT happen when_________
    Athe right information goes to the right place
    Ba company gathers false information
    Cthe correct information is not received by the right department or person
    [答案]A
    附:
    24正确信息达正确方时分配失败会发生
    A正确信息正确方
    B家公司收集虚假信息
    C正确部门员没收正确信息
    [答案]A
    25According to the passagewhich of the following cases does NOT belong to human failure?
    ADecreasing creativity across departments
    BInadequate communication between departments
    CIncreasing customer complaints
    [答案]C
    附:
    25根文章列情况属障?
    A降低跨部门创造力
    B部门间沟通充分
    C增加客户投诉
    [答案]C

    《香当网》用户分享的内容,不代表《香当网》观点或立场,请自行判断内容的真实性和可靠性!
    该内容是文档的文本内容,更好的格式请下载文档

    下载pdf到电脑,查找使用更方便

    pdf的实际排版效果,会与网站的显示效果略有不同!!

    需要 15 香币 [ 分享pdf获得香币 ]

    下载pdf

    相关文档

    1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编(排序考试版)

    1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编(排序考试版)说明:可以根据试题首字母音序查找试题及答案。第一大题 交际用语―___________________[内部资料]―...

    2年前   
    840    0

    1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编(分学期版)

    一、交际用语(每小题2分,共10分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―Is it possible for you to workout the plan ...

    2年前   
    3134    0

    1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年 期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题)题库

     [最新]国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题题库 2021年1月试题及答案三、阅读理解(每小题4分,共40分)21-25题:阅读下列短文,从A、B、C三个选项中选出一...

    2年前   
    3237    0

    1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题)题库(排序考试版)

    1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题题库(排序考试版)说明:可以根据试题首字母音序查找试题及答案。[短文]A team of about 35 employees...

    2年前   
    2583    0

    「最新」1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题)题库

    2021年1月试题及答案三、阅读理解(每小题4分,共40分)21-25题:阅读下列短文,从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个正确答案,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。Passage 1 If there's...

    3年前   
    684    0

    2018年1月1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》期末考试试题及答案(珍藏版)

    一、交际用语(每小题2分,共10分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―Is it possible for you to workout the plan ...

    2年前   
    789    0

    1378国开电大本科《管理英语3》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编「珍藏版」

    第一题 交际用语 试题及答案―___________.―Everything is going smoothly.[答案]What do you think of everythin...

    2年前   
    1145    0

    国开电大本科《人文英语3》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编

    一、交际用语(每小题2分,共10分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―Where is John?I couldn't find him. ―______...

    3年前   
    4471    0

    「最新」1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读判断题)题库

    [最新]国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读判断题)题库2021年1月试题及答案三、阅读理解(每小题4分,共40分)26-30题:请根据短文内容判断给出的语句是否正确,正确的写...

    3年前   
    1604    0

    1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读判断题)题库(排序考试版)

    1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读判断题)题库(排序考试版)说明:可以根据试题首字母音序查找试题及答案。[短文]A strategic plan is not the...

    2年前   
    3307    0

    1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》历年期末考试(第三大题阅读判断题)题库(分学期版)

    2021年7月试题及答案26-30题:请根据短文内容判断给出的语句是否正确,正确的写“T”,错误的写“F”,并将答案写在答题纸上。 Passage 2 When you think of tea...

    2年前   
    719    0

    国开电大本科《管理英语4》机考第三大题阅读选择题库

    说明:资料整理于2023年2月,适用于2023年2月底3月初期末机考考试。A01 A team of about 35 employees had come together for a tea...

    1年前   
    445    0

    1389国开本科《管理英语4》期末考试(第三大题阅读选择题)题库(珍藏版)

    2021年7月试题及答案21-25题:阅读下列短文,从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个正确答案,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。Passage 1 If there's one word that cap...

    2年前   
    506    0

    3938国开电大专科《管理英语2》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编「珍藏版」

    3938国开电大专科《管理英语2》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编[珍藏版]说明:适用于国开电大期末纸质考试,可以根据试题首字母音序查找试题及答案。第一题 交际用语 试题及答案—____...

    2年前   
    1103    0

    3895国开电大专科《管理英语1》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编「珍藏版」

    —_______________.—It takes about 3 hours.[答案]How long will the journey take?附翻译:—_______________。...

    2年前   
    1043    0

    国开电大本科《商务英语4》机考第三大题阅读选择题库

    B01 Businesses are structured in different ways to meet different needs.The simplest form of busi...

    1年前   
    1261    0

    国开电大本科《人文英语4》机考第三大题阅读选择题库

    A01 ALTERNATIVE LEGAL BILLING -WIN STRATEGIESHourly billing is the best way to be charged for leg...

    1年前   
    911    0

    1390国开电大本科《人文英语4》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编(分学期版)

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:阅读下面的小对话,选择恰当的答语。1.―Do you think I can borrow your bike for a few hours?...

    2年前   
    1103    0

    「最新」1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:选择正确的语句完成下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。1.―What would you like to have for breakfast?...

    3年前   
    1230    0

    「最新」1390国开电大本科《人文英语4》历年期末考试试题及答案汇编

    一、交际用语(共计10分,每小题2分) 1-5题:阅读下面的小对话,选择恰当的答语,并将正确答案选项填写在答题纸上。1.―Thanks for your tips.―______________...

    3年前   
    1675    0
    下载需要 15 香币 [香币充值 ]
    亲,您也可以通过 分享原创pdf 来获得香币奖励!
    该文档为用户出售和定价!

    该用户的其他文档

    相关pdf