2020年1月1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》期末考试试题及答案(珍藏版)


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    2020 年 1 月 1389 国开电科理英语 4期末考试试题答案(珍藏版)
    交际语(题 2 分 10 分)
    15 题:选择正确语句完成面话答案序号写答题纸
    1―Is it possible for you to workout the plan tonight?
    ―___________________
    AI'll do that
    BI think so
    CI'd love to
    [答案]B
    附:
    1―晚锻炼计划?
    —___________________
    A会样做
    B想
    C愿意
    [答案]B
    2―How did your meeting go yesterday?
    ―________actuallyit was really frustrating
    ANot so good
    BVery good
    CNothing special
    [答案]A
    附:
    2―昨天会议样?
    —实太真郁闷
    A太
    B
    C没什特
    [答案]A
    3―I think things have been a bit difficult for us the last couple of months
    ―________We've been working hardbut still getting behind
    AYou're right
    BI'm afraid
    CI don't think so
    [答案]A
    附:
    3―认月说困难
    ―________直努力然落
    A
    B害怕
    C认
    [答案]A
    4―Will you help me arrange a meeting with MrBrownplease?
    ―___________________
    ANono way
    BNoI can't
    CSorry I can'tI have to finish my project right now
    [答案]C2
    附:
    4―请帮安排布朗先生会面?
    —___________________
    A没办法
    B
    C起现必须完成项目
    [答案]C
    5―You'd better not push yourself too hardYou can ask the team and listen
    ―___________________
    AYou are right
    BNowe can't do that
    CI think it will kill our time
    [答案]A
    附:
    5―太勉强问问团队听听
    —___________________
    A
    B样做
    C认会浪费时间
    [答案]A
    二词汇结构(题 2 分 30 分)
    620 题:阅读面句子 三选项中选出填入空白处正确选项答案序号写答题

    6AT&T found that employees with better planning and decisionmaking skills were to be _________promoted
    into management jobs
    Amore likely
    Bmore like
    Cmore unlikely
    [答案]A
    附:
    6AT&T 发现具更计划决策力员工更晋升理职位
    7_________managers spend most of their time in facetoface contact with othersbut they spend much of it
    obtaining and sharing information
    ANot only
    BDo not only
    CNot only do
    [答案]C
    附:
    7理者仅部分时间花面面接触花量时间获取分享信息
    8_________his angerthe employees called him MrThunderbut they loved him
    ABecause
    BIn spite of
    CDue to
    [答案]C
    附:
    8愤怒员工称雷霆先生爱
    9_________clearly communicate with and actively listen to employees is essential to improve their
    performance
    ABe able to
    BBeing able3
    CBeing able to
    [答案]C
    附:
    9够清晰员工沟通积极倾听员工意见提高绩效关重
    10I believe that I have a lot to contribute_________a team environmentand am comfortable in both leadership
    and player roles
    Ato
    Bwith
    Cfor
    [答案]A
    附:
    10相信团队环境做出贡献领导球员角色方面
    11Compared _________EnglishChinese is generally believed to be more difficult to learn
    Awith
    Bfrom
    Cagainst
    [答案]A
    附:
    11英语相般认汉语更难学
    12_________the importance of Englishwe should put more effort into it and try to learn it well
    AGave
    BGiving
    CGiven
    [答案]C
    附:
    12认识英语重性应该更加努力努力学
    13_________on the hilltopyou could enjoy the scenery of the city bathed in the sun
    AStanding
    BStand
    CStood
    [答案]A
    附:
    13站山顶欣赏沐浴阳光城市风光
    14There is no_________the fact that he is the best student in the class
    Adeny
    Bdenies
    Cdenying
    [答案]C
    附:
    14事实证明班学生
    15Her desire for the_________of a beautiful town reinained
    Acreate
    Bcreation
    Ccreated
    [答案]B
    附:
    15重新想象创建美丽镇愿
    16Every time I tried to say somethinghe would_________to something else
    Amove off
    Bmove on
    Cmove over4
    [答案]B
    附:
    16次想说点什换说法
    17To build the reservoir(水库) thousands of people have to be_________
    Arelocated
    Brepeated
    Creopened
    [答案]A
    附:
    17建水库千搬迁
    18Good work_________good pay
    Adeserves
    Brequests
    Cdeserts
    [答案]A
    附:
    18工作值高薪
    19At a rough_________we will take another four weeks to finish this plan
    Avalue
    Bestimate
    Caccount
    [答案]B
    附:
    19粗略估计需四星期完成计划
    20Even the best continually seek ways to_________their skills
    Asharp
    Bsharpener
    Csharpen
    [答案]C
    附:
    20优秀会断寻求提高技方法
    三阅读理解(题 4 分 40 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit'schangeDownsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amongst scholarshow can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process?And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    ·Make yourself aware that change happens:it happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    can not live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    ·Stay alert in the workplace:know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    ·Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need to
    get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to for man
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    ·Assess yourself : Changeisatimewhenone'sconfidenceaboutone'sskillsand capabilities gets shakyRecognize
    your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your developmental5
    areas and work on improving those
    ·Don't be stiff:It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply yourexistingskills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    ·Stay optimistic : Keepapositiveattitudeanddon'tletyourselfdrowninuncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjust
    You can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking
    incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsought
    after leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词抓住世界发生事情质变化缩减重组削减成现
    生存常态没行业幸免保守机构正历重变革改变生存
    变革理直学者争问题雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    ·意识改变会发生:发生生活中发生职业生涯中活
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    ·工作中保持警惕:知道周围发生什遇暗示变化发生线索时承认
    ·保持畅通沟通渠道:懈怠期事情会利通需熟悉正发生变化理
    层行寻求更细节便准确解事情透明透明坦诚面恐惧:处理未知事物常常
    感厌恶畏惧画面清晰
    ·评估:改变技力信心开始动摇时候认清长处
    方面发挥作时注意发展领域努力改进
    ·僵硬:果僵化会变革程变更加困难足够灵活性角度
    变革里应现技知识新闻技需获
    ·保持乐观:保持积极态度确定中淹没参新程中新场
    景中正确定位调整
    通跳山达珠穆朗玛峰通渐进步骤达山顶步步达目标罗宾夏
    尔马说世界受追捧领导成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Acut down on the number of workers
    Breshuffle the organization
    Csurvive
    [答案]C
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A减少工数量
    B改组组织
    C生存
    [答案]C
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an exception
    BNo industry is an example
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]A
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A行业例外6
    B没行业例子
    C行业豁免
    [答案]A
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is_________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2630 题:请根短文容判断出语句否正确正确写T错误写F答案写答题

    Passage 2
    It's no secret that good leaders are also good communicatorsIndeedcommunication and leadership are
    inextricably tiedHow can you galvanizeinspire or guide others if you don't communicate in a clearcredible
    and authentic way?Here are 5essential communication practices of effective leaders:
    1Mind the saydo gapTrust is the bedrock of effective leadershipyour behavior is your single greatest
    mode of communicationand it must be congruent with what you sayIf your actions don't align with your
    wordsyou a restoring up trouble for the future
    2Make the complex simpleEffective leaders distill complex thoughts and strategies into simple
    memorable terms that colleagues and customers can grasp and act uponThe most important thing is to clarify
    what you want to saylookout for technical jargon and avoid business speakwhich add complexitySay what
    you mean in as few words as possible
    3Find your own voiceUse language that's distinctly your ownlet your values come through in your7
    communicationCorrect use of language and grammar are importantof coursebut don't become overly fixated
    on eloquence for eloquence's sakeconcentrate on being distinct and realPeople want realpeople respect real
    people follow real
    4Be visibleVisibility is about letting your key stakeholders get a feel for who you are and what you care
    aboutDon't hide behind a computer and only interact with people electronicallysee them face to face and voice
    to voiceand interact with them in a realsubstantial wayIn today's environmentwhere people are often burned
    outit's important for employees to have a personal connection with you and the work you believe inShow the
    people that work for you that you're engaged and that you care about them and their work
    5Listen with your eyes as well as your earsEffective communication is a twoway processand good
    leaders know how to ask good questionsand then listen with both their eyes and their earsBecause you are in a
    position of authorityothers maybe reluctant to express their real opinions to you directlyYou won't always get
    direct feedbackso you need to also be able to read between the lines and look for the nonverbal cues
    附:
    第 2 段
    领导者沟通者已什秘密事实沟通领导力密分果
    清晰信真实方式进行沟通激励激励引导?里 5 基沟通实
    践效领导者:
    1注意说做差距信效领导基石—行唯沟通方式必须
    说致果行动言辞致未解决麻烦
    2化繁简效领导者复杂思想策略提炼成简单易记术语事客户够掌握
    采取行动重弄清楚想说什注意技术术语避免商业说话增加复杂性
    少词说出意思
    3找声音明显属语言价值观交流中体现出正确
    语言语法然重口分专注口专注众真实真实
    尊重真实追真实
    4见见性关键利益相关者解谁关心什躲电脑面
    进行电子互动—面面语音语音真实实质性方式互动常精疲力
    竭环境中员工您您相信工作建立联系非常重您工作展示您参
    您关心工作
    5眼睛耳朵倾听效沟通双程领导者知道提出问题然
    眼睛耳朵倾听处权威位置愿意直接表达真实意见会
    总直接反馈需够读懂字里行间寻找非语言暗示
    26Communication and leadership don't always go hand in hand
    [答案]F
    27The saydo gap happens when people misunderstand their leader's intention
    [答案]F
    28Using technical jargon makes a leader convincing
    [答案]F
    29Communicating sincerely is always the best
    [答案]T
    30Observation is as important as communication when you want to know what people really think
    [答案]T
    附:
    26沟通领导力总齐头进
    [答案]F
    27误解领导者意图时会出现说做差距
    [答案]F
    28技术术语领导者具说服力
    [答案]F8
    29真诚沟通永远
    [答案]T
    30想知道真实想法时观察交流样重
    [答案]T
    四写作( 20 分)
    31题根写作求写出篇作文
    Write at least 100 words about an event based on the following information You may need the 5Ws and l
    H elements (whowhen where why what and how)
    附:
    根信息写出少 100 单词描述事件
    您需 5Ws l H 元素 (谁时里什什)
    Titanic
    31 May 1911 She was launched The largest ship afloat
    with a gross tonnage of 46328tons
    10 April 1912 maiden voyage from Southampton to New York
    At 11:40pm
    on Sunday 14
    April 1912
    hit an iceberg
    badly damaged 2227 passengers and crew onboard
    At 2:20am
    on Monday 15
    April 1912 sank
    1522 were drowned
    705 escaped
    At dawn on 15
    April 1912
    Some of the survivors were
    picked up The Cunard liner Carpathia heard the
    wireless distress calls
    参考答案:
    Titanic was launched on 31 May 1911 and sailed on her voyage from Southampton to New York (via
    Cherbourg and Queenstown)on 10 April 1912 With a gross tonnage of 46328 tons she was the largest ship
    afloat(882 feet long 92 feet wide 8 decks rising to the height of an 11storey building)Four days and
    seventeen hours after the voyage began at 11 40 pm on Sunday 14 April she hit an iceberg and was badly
    damaged Two hours and forty minutes later she sank Of the 2227 passengers and crew 705 escaped in twenty
    lifeboats and rafts including her master Captain Edward Smith At dawn on 15 April the Cunard liner
    Carpathia having heard the Titanic's wireless distress calls 58 miles away arrived at the scene and began
    picking up survivors
    附:
    泰坦尼克号 1911 年 5 月 31 日水 1912 年 4 月 10 日南安普敦驶纽约(途瑟堡皇
    镇)总吨位 46328 吨海船舶(长 882 英尺宽 92 英尺8 层甲板升 11 层楼
    高度)航行开始四天十七时4 月 14 日星期日晚 11 点 40 分撞座冰山严重受损
    两时四十分钟沉没 2227 名客船员中705 坐 20 艘救生艇救生筏逃生中
    包括爱德华·史密斯船长4 月 15 日黎明时分Cunard 班轮 Carpathia 58 英里外听泰坦尼
    克号线求救信号达现场开始接走幸存者

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